The Ghost Army of World War II

Jamie Barth

Editor’s Note: In the summer of 1944, a hand-picked group of artists, architects and engineers landed in France to take part in a secret mission. Using stealth and deception, they worked to mislead enemy forces about the strength and location of American troops. While the successful efforts of this vital unit remained top secret for more than

Rick Beyer

75 years, these soldiers were recently recognized with a Congressional Gold Medal.Author Rick Beyer has written the story of the Ghost Army and describes its long secret techniques and belated Congressional acknowledgement. The program is introduced by Jamie Barth of The Cliff Dwellers and includes excepts from the recent PBS documentary.

About the PBS Documentary

“The Ghost Army”

War, deception, art and glory come together in the documentary film “The Ghost Army,” the astonishing true story of American G.I.s — many of whom would later have illustrious careers in art, design and fashion — who tricked the enemy with rubber tanks, sound effects and carefully crafted illusions during WWII. Filmmaker Rick Beyer tells a remarkable story of a top-secret mission that was at once absurd, deadly and amazingly effective.

Ghost Airplane

In 1944, a handpicked group of G.I.s landed in France with truckloads of inflatable tanks, a massive collection of sound effects records and more than a few tricks up their sleeves. They staged a traveling road show of deception on the battlefields of Europe, aimed at Hitler’s legions. From Normandy to the Rhine, the 1100 men of the 23rd Headquarters Special Troops (the Ghost Army) conjured up phony convoys, phantom divisions and make-believe headquarters to fool the enemy about the strength and location of American units. Every move was top secret and their story was hushed up for decades after the war’s end.

Each deception required they impersonate a different (and vastly larger) U.S. unit. These masters of deception mounted an ever-changing multimedia show tailored to each deception. The men immersed themselves in their roles, even hanging out at local cafes and spinning their counterfeit stories for spies lurking in the shadows. Painstakingly recorded sounds of armored and infantry units were blasted from sound trucks; radio operators created phony traffic nets; and inflatable tanks, trucks, artillery and even airplanes were imperfectly camouflaged to be just visible to enemy reconnaissance.

Dummy Truck

The Ghost Army staged more than 20 deception operations in France, Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany, often operating dangerously close to the front lines. In the final days of the war they faced their ultimate test: a deception along the Rhine in which thousands of lives depended on their delivering a convincing performance. What they accomplished was kept secret for nearly 50 years. Many of the men were young artists recruited from art schools across the country. In their spare time, they painted and sketched their way across Europe, creating a unique and moving visual record of their war. Vivid interviews with along with historical perspective from experts, bring to life a story of a secret mission stranger than fiction and dazzling performance art designed to save lives.